Fitre (Sadaqah Al-Fitr)
Rasûlullâh Sallâllahu Alayhi Wa Sallam said:
“(Fast in) The month of Ramadhan is suspended between earth and heaven. It does not ascend to Allah Ta‘âlâ further (it is not accepted) until Sadaqah Al-Fitr is paid.” (Munâwî, Faydh Al-Qadîr)
Sadaqah Al-Fitr is a Wajib (required) charity which is given by Muslims who have Nisab (80.18 gr gold or its equivalent in cash or trade goods) amount of wealth after providing for his basic necessities and who reached the end of Ramadan Sharif. It is also Wajib upon those who fail to fast in Ramadan Sharif because of a sickness; travelling in Ramadan Sharif or old age.
Sadaqah Al-Fitr is a Wajib deed, which is mentioned in Ahadith Sharif (sayings) of the Prophet of Allah Sallâllahu Alayhi Wa Sallam. It was prescribed before Zakah, which was the same year when fast was prescribed.
It is a means for the acceptance of fast and it provides safety from the pangs and pains of death and torments of the grave. On the other hand, it is a help to provide for the necessities of the poor so that they enjoy the Eid.
This charity becomes Wajib as the time of Fajr Salah begins, on the first day of Shawwal. However, it is Mandub (praiseworthy) to give it earlier than Eid Salah so that the poor can meet their necessities with it.